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Swadeshi movement was the result of the partition of Bengal. Which of the following statements is/are correct concerning the Swadeshi Movement?

1. Bande Mataram became the theme song of this movement.

2. It aimed at boycotting foreign-made goods and adopting Indian goods as an alternative.

3. The Shivaji and Ganpati festivals were organized by Tilak to deliver the Swadeshi message to the masses. 

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2 and 3 only
3. 1 and 3 only
4. 1, 2 and 3

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : 1, 2 and 3

The correct answer is 1, 2 and 3.

  • Swadeshi movement was the result of the partition of Bengal.  
  • After the partition of the Bengal Swadeshi and Boycott Movement was adopted as a means of integration. 
  • It was aimed at self Reliance, self-determination, and self-help.
  • Tilak called it Bahiskar Yoga.
  • Vande Mataram became the theme song of this movement. Hence, Statement 1 is correct.
  • Swadeshi movement. along with the Boycott Movement aimed at boycotting foreign-made goods and adopting Indian goods as an alternative. Hence, Statement 2 is correct.
    • Boycott and public burning of foreign clothes, picketing of shops selling foreign goods were adopted.
  • The Shivaji and Ganpati festivals were organized by Tilak to deliver the Swadeshi message to the masses. Hence, Statement 3 is correct.
  • The National College of Bengal was founded with Aurobindo Ghosh as its principal. 
    • The national education council was established in August 1906.
  • It also changed the character of the Indian National Congress.  
  • The Congress split into moderates and extremists at the Surat session which weakened the Swadeshi Movement.

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