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Which of the following carries blood from the heart to the kidneys?
1. Renal artery
2. Coronary artery
3. Vena cava
4. Renal vein

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Renal artery

The correct answer is Renal artery.

  • Renal Arteries carry unfiltered blood from the aorta to the kidneys.
  • The arteries are obscured by the renal veins; they are dorsal to the renal veins.

  • The blood travels to each kidney through the Renal artery.
    • Renal arteries usually originate from the left inside of the abdominal aorta, directly below the upper mesenteric artery, and supply blood to the kidneys.
    • It holds half of the overall blood supply to the kidneys.
    • Up to a third of the overall cardiac production will pass through the kidney-filtering renal arteries.
    • A capillary is a small blood vessel with a diameter of between 5 and 10 micrometres (μm).

  • The renal artery is the branch of the abdominal aorta that carries blood to the kidney.
    • It enters in the kidney through the hilum part.
  • The pulmonary artery is the only artery that carries deoxygenated blood. It carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
  • The hepatic artery is a blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the liver, duodenum, pancreas, and gallbladder.
  • Carotid arteries are major blood vessels in the neck that supply blood to the brain, neck, and face.

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