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Which among the following fundamental rights is/are available only to citizens of India but not to foreigners?

1. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, caste, gender or place of birth

2. Protection of Freedom of Assembly

3. Protection of Freedom of Movement

4. Protection of Life and Personal Liberty

5. Freedom to manage religious affairs


1. 1, 2, 4 and 5 only
2. 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
3. 1, 4 and 5 only
4. 1, 2 and 3 only

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : 1, 2 and 3 only

The correct answer is 1, 2 and 3 only.

  • The fundamental rights are the basic human rights enshrined in the Constitution of India which are guaranteed to all citizens.

  • These are the six fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution:-
    • Right to Equality (Article 14-18)
    • Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)
    • Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24)
    • Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
    • Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)
    • Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)
  • The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by Articles 14, 20, 21, 21A, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28 are available to all persons whether citizens or foreigners.
  • The following fundamental rights are available only to citizens of India and not to foreigners:-
    • Article 15- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race, religion, caste, gender or place of birth
    • Article 16- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
    • Article 19- Protection of freedom of:-
      • Speech and expression
      • Association
      • Assembly
      • Movement
      • Residence
      • Profession
    • Article 29- Protection of the culture, language and script of minorities
    • Article 30- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
  • Hence, Statements 1, 2 and 3 are correct statements.
  • Article 21 includes the Protection of Life and Personal Liberty. This is available to citizens as well as foreigners. Hence, Statement 4 is incorrect.
  • Article 26 includes freedom to manage religious affairs. This is available to citizens as well as foreigners. Hence, statement 5 is incorrect.

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