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The concept of the Freedom of trade in India's Constitution is adopted from the Constitution of which country?
1. United Kingdom
2. United States
3. Australia
4. Ireland

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Australia

The correct answer is Australia.

  • Article 301 talks about the freedom of trade, commerce, and Exchange throughout the country.
  • It states that subject to other provisions under Part XIII, the freedom to carry on these activities shall be free.
  • Article 19 g of the constitution gives to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, or business.
  • Section 92 of the Australian Constitution says that there should be freedom of trade, commerce, and intercourse which may be carried out by ocean navigation or internal carriage.
  • India has taken the concept of freedom of trade in India's constitution from the Australian constitution.

  •  Concepts borrowed in the Indian constitution from various other constitutions of the world are as below-

 

Country Things Borrowed
Australia

Concurrent List

Freedom of trade and commerce

Joint Sitting of parliament

Canada

Federal structure

Vesting Residuary power in Centre

Appointment of governors

Ireland

DPSPs

The nomination of Rajya Sabha members

Method of election of the president

USSR

Fundamental Duties

Ideals of Justice

USA

Fundamental rights

Independence of judiciary

Judicial review

Impeachment of the president

Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges

Post of vice-president

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