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Which of the following is the development norm for a 2 years old child?
1. The child can skip and hop
2. The child has free and active movement and can respond to music
3. The child can walk without help, jumps, runs
4. The child cannot walk or even crawl

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : The child can walk without help, jumps, runs

Development essentially means change as a result of the complex interactions between many processes - biological, social and cognitive. Biological processes involve changes that are physical in nature. Our genetic heritage, growth of body organs, acquisition of motor skills, hormonal changes at puberty, all reflect the role of biological processes. So, "walk without help, jumps, runs" is the development norm acquired by a 2 years old child in development. This is the part of motor development. Let us review other milestones of motor development in children:

  • Infancy- 2 months: Kicks aimlessly, stretches hand and feet, closed fist. 
  • 2-4 months: Follows a moving person with eyes, stares at a bright object, lifts chest short distance when placed on abdomen, holds head, rolls from back to the side, begins to grasp toy in hand. 
  • 4-6 months: Holds head steady when carried, holds toys and reaches for objects, raises hands to be lifted, lifts head and shoulder and rolls over. Lifts self by hands or forearms when lying on the stomach. The child has free and active movement and can respond to music.
  • 6-8 months: Can hold head and sit erect without support. Bangs spoons or pats floors. Can pick up objects from floor, table. Can hold a toy in each hand. Has learnt to use the thumb to grip things. 
  • 8-10 months: Begins to crawl, can pull self up to stand by holding on to furniture. 
  • 10-12 months: Stands with slight support, can push light objects. Picks up small and big objects and examines them. 
  • 1-2 years: Walks without support, drinks from a cup, can handle a spoon, plays with push and pull toys, can climbing stairs, jump, run and come down as well, scribbles, eats by self.

Hence, it can be included that the child can walk without help, jumps, runs is the development norm for a 2 years old child.

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