Correct Answer - Option 4 : 1, 2, 3 and 4
The correct answer is 1, 2, 3, and 4.
Article 50: Separation of judiciary from the executive: The State shall take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.
- Establishing village panchayats and endowing them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government (Article 40).
- To protect monuments, places, and objects of artistic or historic interest which are declared to be of national importance (Article 49)
- Archeological Survey of India performs this function.
- To promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas (Article 43).
- Khadi and Village Industries Commission performs this function.
Hence all statements are correct.
- India borrowed the DPSP from the Irish Constitution of 1937 which itself had borrowed it from the Spanish Constitution.
- Further, the Government of India Act had some “instruments of Instructions” which became the immediate source of DPSP.
- The fundamental rights and the directive principles find the common origin in the Sapru Report of 1945, which had divided the fundamental rights into two parts viz. Justifiable and non-justifiable rights.
- While justifiable rights were incorporated in Part III; non-justifiable rights were incorporated as directive principles to the state without any guarantee to be enforced via court.
- Thus, the directive principles are guidelines by the constitution to the state as defined in article 12 (central, state, local government, and bodies).
Basic idea is that the “state” should keep these principles while framing laws, policies, ordinances, etc.