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Who wrote ‘Humayun Nama’?
1. Humayun
2. Akbar
3. Gulbadan Begum
4. Babur

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Gulbadan Begum

The correct answer is Gulbadan Begum.

  • Gulbadan Begum was a Mughal princess and the daughter of Emperor Babur and sister of Humayun.
  • She is best known as the author of Humayun Nama.
  • She was the first woman builder in Mughal rule and gave Delhi Humayun’s Tomb.

  • The first six Mughal emperors of the Mughal dynasty – Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb changed the face of India with their political and intellectual prowess.
Humayun
  • Babur’s son, Humayun, built Dinpanah at Delhi as his second capital.
  • Humayun fought two battles with Sher Shah Suri and was ultimately defeated:
    • Battle of Chausa.
    • Battle of Kannauj.
  • Humayun died in AD 1556 falling from the stairs of his library building.
Akbar
  • Humayun’s officer Bairam Khan crowned 13-year-old Akbar as the third Mughal emperor.
  • He defeated Hemu at the Second Battle of Panipat (AD 1556) with the help of Bairam Khan.
  • The third Mughal emperor introduced a land revenue system called Todar Mal Bandobast or Zabti system, through his finance minister Raja Todar Mal.
  • He also introduced the Mansabdari System or the rank-holder system to organize the nobility and army.
  • The Navratnas or the nine famous intellectuals of Akbar’s court were Todar Mal, Abul Fazal, Faizi, Birbal, Tansen, Abdur Rahim Khana-i-Khana, Mullah-do-Pyaza, Raja Man Singh, and Fakir Aziao-Din.
Babur
  • The very first Mughal emperor and the founder of the Mughal emperor Babur brought gunpowder to India.
  • He is known for defeating:
    • Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat (AD 1526).
    • Rana Sanga (Sangram Singh) at battle of Khanwa.
    • Medini Rai of Chenderi at Battle of Chanderi (AD 1528).
    • Mahmud Lodi at Battle of Ghagra (AD 1529).
  • Babur wrote Tuzuk-i-Baburi in the Turkish language.
  • He is the first Mughal emperor declared Jehad and adopted the title Ghazi.

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