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With reference to characteristics of natural vegetation in India, consider the following statements:

1. Trees are found in warm and humid areas.

2. The mean annual temperature is above 22°C.

3. Annual rainfall is above 200 cm.

4. Rosewood, ebony and Mahogany are important species found.

Which of the following forests is best characterized by the features given above?


1. Tropical Moist Deciduous forests
2. Tropical Semi-Evergreen forests
3. Tropical Evergreen forests
4. Tropical Dry Deciduous forests

1 Answer

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Tropical Evergreen forests

The correct answer is Tropical Evergreen forests.

 

  • Tropical Evergreen forests are found in the western slope of the Western Ghats, hills of the northeastern region and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • They are found in warm and humid areas with annual precipitation of over 200 cm and a mean annual temperature above 22°C.
  • Tropical evergreen forests are well stratified, with layers closer to the ground and are covered with shrubs and creepers, with short structured trees followed by a tall variety of trees.
  • In these forests, trees reach great heights up to 60 m or above.
  • There is no definite time for trees to shed their leaves, flowering and fruition.
  • As such, these forests appear green all year-round.
  • Species found in these forests include rosewood, mahogany, aini, ebony, etc.

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