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In the field of computing, what does ENIAC stand for?
1. Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer
2. Electronic Numerals Integration and Computing
3. Electronic Numbers Integration and Computer
4. Electronic Numerical Integrated Advanced Computer

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

The correct answer is Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer.

  • ENIAC stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer.
  • It is considered to be the first operational electronic digital computer in the United States, developed by Army Ordnance to compute World War II ballistic firing tables.
  • The first all-electric computing machine was proposed by physicist John Mauchly in 1942 and was completed in 1945.
  • The ENIAC weighed 30 tons, used 200 kilowatts of electric power and consisted of 18,000 vacuum tubes, 1,500 relays, and hundreds of thousands of resistors, capacitors, and inductors.
  • The ENIAC used 20 single-number accumulators as primary functional units.
  • The ENIAC's field of the application included weather prediction, atomic-energy calculations, cosmic-ray studies, thermal ignition, random-number studies, wind-tunnel design, and other scientific uses.

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