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In which of the following teaching-learning presentations, shaping of a response is called for ?
1. Lecturing with examples
2. Discussions with buzz sessions
3. Programmed learning with individualisation
4. PowerPoint presentation with a scope for interaction

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Programmed learning with individualisation

Teaching-learning: 

  • Teaching is the process of imparting knowledge and experiences through a methodological series of instructions to learners.
  • It fosters learning among the students through explaining, demonstrating the core concept or the matter of the topic discussed eventually facilitating learning outcomes.
  • It is a process through which a teacher provides knowledge through guided instructional activities to bring about the desired changes in students. 

Different types of teaching-learning presentations:

  • Lecturing with examples: 
    • This is the oldest method of instruction. It is a teacher-centered method.
    • The teacher gives instructions or detailed explanations to students. Students are active listeners in this method. 
    • The lecture method mainly focuses on cognitive objectives. 
  • Discussions with buzz sessions:
    • It is a cooperative learning method in which small discussion groups have formed the objective of working on a specific task (idea generation, techniques,       implementation, problem-solving) or facilitating that a group of people reach a conclusion about a topic.
  • Programmed learning with individualization:
    • It is a process of breaking down a complex subject into smaller parts. 
    • It is an individualized and self instructed method. It is based on the theory of Operant conditioning of B.F. Skinner.
    • It involves shaping, the process of reinforcing successively closer and closer approximations to a desired terminal behavior.
  • PowerPoint presentation with scope for interaction:
    • PowerPoint presentation uses tools like google slides or Microsoft slides to present the context of electronic devices like computers, laptops, etc.
    • It is useful to gather the attention of students.

Hence, In programmed learning with individualization teaching-learning presentations, shaping of a response is called for.

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