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Which of the following statements finds support from an existentialist teacher ?
1. Education is value centric
2. Education is instinctive
3. Education is contextual
4. Education is perennial.

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Education is instinctive

Existentialism

  • Existentialism is a form of philosophical inquiry that explores the problem of human existence and centers on the lived experience of the thinking, feeling, acting individual.
  • In the view of the existentialist, the individual's starting point has been called "the existential angst" (or, variably, existential attitude, dread, etc.), or a sense of disorientation, confusion, or anxiety in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world.
  • A primary virtue in existentialist thought is authenticity.
  • Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher.
  • The main idea of existentialism during World War II was developed by Jean-Paul Sartre under the influence of Dostoevsky and Martin Heidegger, whom he read in a POW camp and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy, including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology.
  • According to this philosophy, humans possess free will and stand in an absurd and meaningless world or universe.
  • It says that every individual is unique.

Existentialism and Education:

  • Existentialism in education is a teaching and learning philosophy that focuses on the student's freedom and agency to choose their future. 
  • Existentialist educators believe there is no god or higher power guiding their students.
  • The teacher must facilitate for the students.
  • Let the students take the first step and the teacher guide them in taking the next.
  • Believe in free individuality.
  • Education should help the individual to make him a human.
  • Focuses on the development of introspective powers- self-observation.
  • Its main aim is to develop self-realization in children, the authentic self of the child, the choice-making capacity of the child.
  • Education should create consciousness for self.

Conclusion: Existentialists believe in such education that helps a child to know the self. It focuses on self-observation, self-realization, and consciousness of self. Hence, it is an instinct-based philosophy for self. So, option (2) will be correct.

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