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Choose the Correct statements


1. Only A
2. Only B
3. Both A and B
4. Neither A nor B

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Both A and B
The Correct answer is Both A and B.
Administration during Mughal Reign-
  • Mughal Empire was divided into Subas which were further divided into Sarkar, Pargana and Gram.
  • However, it also had other territorial units as Khalisa (royal land), Jagirs (autonomous Rajyas) and Inams (gifted lands, mainly wastelands).
  • There were 15 Subas (provinces) during Akbar's reign which later increased to 20 under Aurangzeb's reign.
  • Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system.
  • The term Mansab indicates the rank of its holder.
  • Mansabdari was both civil and military. Almost the whole nobility, bureaucracy and military hold mansabs.
  • The Mughal mansab was dual i.e. Zat (personal rank and pay status), and Sawar (number of horsemen to maintain).
 
Categories of Mansabdar-
  1. Mansabdars,
  2. Amirs 
  3. Amir-i-umda.
 
Categories of Mansabdar according to pay mode-
  1. Naqdi (paid through cash) 
  2. Jagirdar (paid through Jagirs).

  • Jahangir added Duaspah Sih-aspah system i.e. one's sawar rank can be raised without raising his at rank.
  • Shahjahan added Jama-Dami or Mahana Zagir (Monthly Scale) system.
  • It ultimately caused Jagirdari and agrarian crisis, which was a major cause of the decline of Mughals.
  • Dahsala Bandobast or Zabti was a standard method of collection based on rates of crops determined after 10 years of assessment.
  • Todar Mal invented this system. Hence statement B is Correct.

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