LIVE Course for free

Rated by 1 million+ students
Get app now
0 votes
in Biology by (24.2k points)
closed by
Intestine absorbs the digested food materials. What type of epithelial cells are responsible for that?
1. Glandular epithelium
2. Cuboidal epithelium
3. Columnar epithelium
4. Stratified squamous epithelium

1 Answer

0 votes
by (24.2k points)
selected by
Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 3 : Columnar epithelium

The correct answer is Columnar epithelium.

  • The columnar epithelium:
    • It is located in the digestive tract in the stomach, large intestine, small intestine, and functions as a barrier to bacteria and other microbes but permits the absorption of digested food. 
    • Stratified squamous epithelium cells are present in parts of the body where constant abrasion takes place, eg., the outer layer of skin, inner lining of the mouth, esophagus, and vagina. 
    • Spindle fibres are protein structures that arise from centrioles in a cell during mitosis (functions in a separation of chromatids during cell division).
    • Cuboidal epithelium is located in kidney tubules, glandular ducts, ovaries, and the thyroid gland(functions in protection, secretion, and absorption.

  • The glandular epithelium:
    • ​It is a type of epithelial tissue that covers the glands (both exocrine and endocrine) of our body.
    • Their main function is secretion.
    • Both endocrine and exocrine glands produce their secretions through the glandular epithelium via special cells called goblet cells. 
  • Cuboidal epithelium:
    • The tissue is made of cube-shaped cells.
    • It forms the lining of kidney tubules and ducts of salivary glands.
  • Stratified squamous epithelium:
    • These are found in nearly every organ system where the body comes into close contact with the outside environment – from the skin to the respiratory, digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems.
    • They also protect the body from desiccation and water loss.

Welcome to Sarthaks eConnect: A unique platform where students can interact with teachers/experts/students to get solutions to their queries. Students (upto class 10+2) preparing for All Government Exams, CBSE Board Exam, ICSE Board Exam, State Board Exam, JEE (Mains+Advance) and NEET can ask questions from any subject and get quick answers by subject teachers/ experts/mentors/students.