Correct Answer - Option 3 : Diorama
Learning Resources are any person, material, situation, and experience organized or created, to help the student or learner learn actively and attain the objectives of instruction. In other words, anything which facilitates student learning is called a learning resource. The resources may be used by teachers, students, or both during instruction so as to maximize the attainment of instructional objectives.
Types of Learning Resources:
Realia- The term realia is adapted from library classification systems; the term realia refers to three-dimensional objects from real life such as coins, tools, and textiles that do not easily fit into the orderly categories of printed material. Teaching with the help of Realia creates a lot of interest among the students as they are always fascinated by real things than created ones.
Diorama: The term “diorama” denotes a partially three-dimensional, full-size replica or scale model of a landscape typically showing historical events, nature scenes, or cityscapes, for purposes of education or entertainment. The diorama can be constructed with the help of cardboard, thermocol sheets, clay, readymade synthetic materials like plants, bushes, shrubs.
Artefacts are objects made by human beings, especially with a view to using them at a later stage. It may be a handmade object, a tool, or the remains of one, as a shard of pottery, characteristic of an earlier time or cultural stage, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation. Artefacts are representative of cultures, historical eras, and geographic location. They make history learning meaningful because children have opportunities to construct understanding and build knowledge. And students consider the practical use and personal value of objects over time and within particular cultures.
Globe is a miniature form of the earth. They vary in size and type- big ones which cannot be carried easily, small pocket globes, and the globe like balloons, which can be inflated and are handy and carried with ease. it helps children to understand where they live, the location of other places in the world, and also learning the unique shape of the Earth.
From the above, it is clear that Diorama is a partially 3D, full-size replica or scale model of a landscape typically showing historical events, nature scenes, etc. for purposes of education or entertainment.