Correct Answer - Option 2 : I, II and III
Deductive method is reverse of Inductive method. In this method rules, generalizations and principles are provided to the students and then they are asked to verify them with the help of particular examples. Note that:
- We proceed from general to particular and from abstract to concrete.
- The teacher’s work is simplified here by giving rules and asking you to verify it by application to several concrete examples.
- For example, you are told in advance that the boiling point of water is 100 degree Celsius and then we give them the complete procedure to perform the experiment. So now you verify the boiling point of water through the experiment. Nothing remains unknown hence there is a scope for manipulations. Your joy of discovery is lost. This method is suitable for the small children who cannot discover truths for themselves.
They get ready-made material. It is a time-saving method because here you will not have to go through the analysis to carve out a universal truth.
- It is speedy process and syllabi can be covered easily.
- If this method is supplemented with Induction method, it would be perfect.
- This method has its own limitations. This method does not impart training in scientific method, and fail to develop scientific attitude in you. This method does not generate any initiative in you it rather encourages memorization of facts which are soon forgotten.
Hence, both statements are true about deductive reference.