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NEET 2023
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Consider the following statements about the Vijayanagara empire.

1. Harihara and Bukka who were feudatories of Kakatiyas established this dynasty.

2. Krishna Deva Raya was the famous ruler of this Vijayanagara empire who belongs to the Saluva Dynasty.

3. He built the Hazara Rama temple and the Vithal swami temple.

Choose the correct statements

1. 1 and 2 only
2. 2 and 3 only
3. 1 and 3 only
4. 1, 2 and 3

1 Answer

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Best answer
Correct Answer - Option 3 : 1 and 3 only
The Correct answer is 1 and 3 only.
Vijayanagara Empire-
  • Vijayanagara kingdom and the city were founded by Harihar and Bukka (sons of Sangama) who were feudatories of kakatiyas and later became a minister in the court of Kampili. Hence option 1 is Correct.
  • Vijayanagara kingdom lay in the Deccan, to the south of the Bahamani Kingdom.
  • Vijayanagara period can be divided into four distinct dynasties Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva and Aravidu.
Sangama Dynasty (1336-1485 AD)-
  • Harihara-1 and Bukka-1 (1336-1356) laid the foundation of Vijayanagara.
  • The Vijayanagara-Bahamani conflict began with the foundations of Kingdoms. Clash of interests in three areas Raichur Doab (between Krishna and Tungabhadra), Krishna-Godavari delta and Marathwada.
  1. Bukka-1 (1356-1379)-
  • He strengthened the city of Vidyanagar and renamed it Vijayanagara.
  • He restored harmony between the warring Vaishnavas and the Jains. The Rais of Malabar, Ceylon and other countries kept ambassadors at his court.
       2. Deva Raya-2 (1406-1422)-
  • He was the grandson of Deva Raya-1. Ahmad Shah-1 of Bahamani invaded Vijayanagara and exacted a war indemnity.
  • He began the practice of employing Muslim cavalrymen and archers in the army on large scale (their induction had begun during Deva Raya-1).
  • He was called Praudh Deva Raya. In his inscription has the title of Gajabetekara (the elephant hunter).
  • Sri Lanka paid regular tribute to him. He had devotee of Vira Shaivism, yet he respected other religions.
  • Abdur Razzak the envoy of Shah Rukh visited Vijayanagara during his reign.
The Saluva Dyanasty (1486-1505 AD)-
  1. Saluva Narsimha (1486-1491)- He founded the Saluva dyanasty.
  2. Tirumal (1491) and Immadi Narasimha (1491-1505)-
  • Both were minors during the regency of Narsa Nayaka Vasco Da Gama landed in Calicut during his reign in 1498.
The Tuluva Dynasty (1505-1570 AD)-
  1. Vira Narasimha (1505-1509 AD)-
  • He was the son of Narsa Nayaka, became the king after the assassination of Immadi Narsimha, the last Saluva ruler.
      2.  Krishna Deva Raya (1509-1529 AD)-
  • Saluva Timma, the chief minister of Vira Narsimha, placed Krishna Deva Raya, the brother of Vira Narasimha, on the throne.
  • Krishna Deva Raya maintained friendly relations with Albuquerque, the Portuguese governor, whose ambassador Friar Luis resided in Vijayanagara.
  • He won Orissa (gajapati Kingdom) for Vijayanagara and Vijayanagara emerged strongest during his reign.
  • He built the Vijaya Mahal (House of Victory), the Hazara Rama Temple and Vithal Swami temple.
  • He took the titles of Yavanaraja Sthapnacharya (restorer of the Yavana kingdom i.e. Bidar kingdom) and Abhinava Bhoja.
  • He is also known as Andhra Bhoj and Andhra Pitamaha.
  • He was a gifted scholar in both Telugu and Sanskrit, of which only two works are extant.
  • The Telugu work on Polity "Amuktamalyada" and Sanskrit drama "Jambavati Kalyanam". Hence option 2 is Incorrect and option 3 is Correct.
The Aravidu Dynasty (1570-1650 AD)-
  • Tirumala Raya, the brother of Rama Raja ruled in the name of Sadasiva Raya.
  • On his failure to repopulate Vijayanagara, he shifted the capital to Penugonda.
  • He divided his empire into three practically linguistic sections. The empire slowly shrunk and the Aravidu dynasty ended in 1646.

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