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State the universal law of gravitation and explain it.

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The universal law of gravitation :

The universal law of ’gravitation states that every body in the universe attracts other body with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Explanation : 

Let two bodies of masses M and M be separated by a distance of ’d’. Then the force of gravitation between them

G is a proportionality constant, called universal gravitational constant. 

The value of G = 6.67 × 10-11 Nm2kg-2

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