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Describe Lazarus’ general model of stress appraisal.

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• Based on Cognitive theory of stress as given by Lazarus et al. 

• Depends on how the stressful event is interpreted or appraised. 

• Primary appraisal- positive, negative and neutral 

• Secondary appraisal- They are subjective and depend on: 

  • Past experiences. o Controllable- sense of self confidence and self-efficacy 
  • Type of stressor- environmental, social or psychological 
  • Dimensions of the stressor- intensity, duration, complexity predictability o Person characteristics- physiological, psychological, cultural 
  • Resources- physical, personal and social

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