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Describe Lazarus’ general model of stress appraisal.

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Based on Cognitive theory of stress as given by Lazarus et al.

 • Depends on how the stressful event is interpreted or appraised. 

• Primary appraisal- positive, negative and neutral 

• Secondary appraisal- They are subjective and depend on: 

Past experiences. 

Controllable- sense of self confidence and self-efficacy 

Type of stressor- environmental, social or psychological 

Dimensions of the stressor- intensity, duration, complexity predictability 

Person characteristics- physiological, psychological, cultural 

Resources- physical, personal and social 

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