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A client experiences irrational thoughts that are self-defeating in nature. Suggest and explain a suitable therapy that will help him to reduce his distress.

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a. Cognitive therapy helps to know the causes of psychological stress in irrational thoughts and beliefs - Aaron Becks theory of psychological distress is characterized by anxiety and depression. - Being therapist the client can be helped to change the irrational belief and the negative thoughts by making a change in his her philosophy about life - The therapist uses gentle questioning which is non-threatening in nature - This helps him/her to gain insight into the nature of their dysfunctional schemas and change their cognitive structures. 

b. Albert Ellis RET - ABC analysis - Change of thoughts with ‘musts’ and ‘shoulds’ - Interviews and questionnaires are used. - Process of non-directive questioning to replace irrational belief system. 

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