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What are the differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration? Name some organisms that use the anaerobic mode of respiration.

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Difference between Aerobic respiration and Anaerobic respiration:

Aerobic respirationAnaerobic respiration
1. It occurs in the presence of O2.It occurs in the absence of O2
2.
It involves the exchange of gases between the organism and the outside environment.
2.
Exchange of gases is absent.
3. It occurs in cytoplasm and mitochondria.3. It occurs only in cytoplasm.
4.
It always releases CO2 and H2O.
4.
It produces alcohols and CO2.
5. It yields large amount of energy.5. Energy released is very low.

Anaerobic respiration occurs in the roots of some waterlogged plants, some parasitic worms, animal muscles and some micro-organisms such as yeasts.

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