Major steps taken by Indian Government towards decentralization in 1992.
i. Constitution mandate to hold regular elections to local government bodies.
ii. Reservation of seats in the elected bodies and the executive heads of these institutions for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other Backward Classes.
iii. Reservation of at least one third of all positions for women.
iv. Creation of an independent institution called the State Election Commission in each state to conduct panchayat and municipal elections.
v. The state governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies. The nature of sharing varies from state to state.