a. Patents - it grants an inventor the right to exclude others from making, using, selling, offering to sell and importing an invention for a limited period of time, in exchange for the public disclosure of the invention.
b. Copyright- it gives the creator of original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time. It means apply to a wide range of creative, intellectual or artistic forms of work. eg., poems, plays etc.,
c. Industrial design- it protects the visual design of objects that are not purely utilitarian. it can be two or three dimensional pattern used to produce a product, industrial commodity or handicraft.
d. Trademark- It is a recognizable sign, design or expression which distinguished products or services of a particular trade from the similar products or services of other traders.