Charles Sutherland Elton (1900 – 1991):
- Charles Elton of England was among the most important and influential ecologists of the twentieth century I
- In the early 1920s, while still a student at Oxford, he took part in three expeditions to the Arctic island of Spitsbergen.
- He wrote three important books which are classics in ecology. Those are
1. Animal Ecology (1927),
2. Voles, Mice and Lemmings: Problems in Population Dynamics (1942),
3. The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants (1958).
- He was the founder and editor of the Journal of Animal Ecology.
- He is especially remembered for his studies on animal community patterns including the concepts of “Estonian niche” and the “Pyramid of numbers”.