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Explain about Charles Sutherland Elton.

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Charles Sutherland Elton (1900 – 1991):

  • Charles Elton of England was among the most important and influential ecologists of the twentieth century I
  • In the early 1920s, while still a student at Oxford, he took part in three expeditions to the Arctic island of Spitsbergen.
  • He wrote three important books which are classics in ecology. Those are 

1. Animal Ecology (1927), 

2. Voles, Mice and Lemmings: Problems in Population Dynamics (1942), 

3. The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants (1958). 

  • He was the founder and editor of the Journal of Animal Ecology. 
  • He is especially remembered for his studies on animal community patterns including the concepts of “Estonian niche” and the “Pyramid of numbers”.

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