Public Interest Litigation (PIL):
In Indian law, public interest litigation means a litigation (judicial proceeding) for the protection of public interest.
- A person may not be capable enough to file a complaint individually in a court either because of economic reasons or due to lack of time.
- There are certain matters which affect not just the individual but the entire society.
- The affected person or a group of person from the society can simply write an application on a plain paper to the High Court of the concerned state or even directly to the Supreme Court.
- The court must get assured that the petition is filed for the public interest and not casually. If the court feels the application to be relevant, it can convert the petition into a case.
- After hearing the arguments of both the parties, the court gives its judgment.