0 votes
in Olympiad by (70.0k points)

Let ABC be a triangle. Let B' and C' denote respectively the reflection of B and C in the internal angle bisector of A. Show that the triangles ABC and AB'C' have the same incentre.

1 Answer

+1 vote
by (64.3k points)
selected by
Best answer

Join BB' and CC’. Let the internal angle bisector l of ∠A meet BB’ in E and CC’ in F. Since B’ is the reflection of B in we observe that BB’ ⊥ l and BE = EB’. Hence B’ lies on AC. similarly , CC’ lies on the line AB.

Let D be the point of intersection of BC and B’C’. Observe that BB’ C’C . moreover the triangles ABC is congruent to AB’C’; this follows from the observation that AB = AB’ and AC = AC’ and the included angle ∠A is common. Hence BC’ = B’C so that C’CB’B is an isosceles trapezium. This means that the intersection D of its diagonal lies on the perpendicular bisector of its parallel side. Thus passes through D. We also observe that CD=C’D

Let I be the in centre of triangle ABC. This means that C I bisects ∠C. Hence A / D = AC/CD. But AC = AC’ and CD = C’D. Hence we also get that A/D = AC’/C’D this implies that C’ bisects ∠AC'B' therefore the two angles bisectors of ∠AC'B' meet at I. This shows that I is also the incentre of triangle AC’B’.

Welcome to Sarthaks eConnect: A unique platform where students can interact with teachers/experts/students to get solutions to their queries. Students (upto class 10+2) preparing for All Government Exams, CBSE Board Exam, ICSE Board Exam, State Board Exam, JEE (Mains+Advance) and NEET can ask questions from any subject and get quick answers by subject teachers/ experts/mentors/students.