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The Ministry of Environment and Forest declared India's first marine eco-sensitive zone in – 

(a) Gulf of Kutch 

(b) Palk Strait 

(c) Gulf of Khambat 

(d) Gulf of Mannar

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Correct option: (a) Gulf of Kutch


The ministry declared 313 sq km around the Marine National Park in Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat as an eco-sensitive zone through a notification. Of this, 208 sq km is land while the remaining is on the seaside. Land use for recreational, commercial or industrial development will not be permitted in the area except for residential purpose. Mining, including fresh water mining, and release of polluted water and waste will also be prohibited. The ministry even disallowed fishing by trawlers. The government will prepare a zonal ecology conservation master plan. The plan will restore denuded areas as well as existing water bodies. The plan should also have provision for management of catchment areas, watershed management, groundwater and soil conservation.

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