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Give salient features of hybridization.

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(a)  The hybrid orbitals are equivalent in energy and shape. 

(b)  The orbitals taking part in hybridization must have only  a small difference in energy. 

(c)  The number of hybrid orbitals is the same as the number of atomic orbitals that undergo hybridization. 

(d)  Both half filled and completely filled orbitals take part in hybridization. 

(e)  Hybrid orbitals form more stable bonds. 

(f)  The type of hybridization gives the shape of molecules.

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