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Difference between abduction and adduction movements.

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Difference between abduction and adduction are:

Characteristics

ABDUCTION

ADDUCTION

Definition

Movement of a limb or structure away from the middle of the bodyMovement of a limb or structure towards the middle of the body
CausesAbductor musclesAdductor muscles
Anatomical structureShort fibersLong fibers
Hand musclesAbductor pollicis brevis abductor pollicis longus, dorsal interossei. Fingers are spread apart.Adductor pollicis, palmar interossei. Fingers are moved together.
Arm musclesDeltoid, supraspinatusLatissimus dorsi, pectoralis major
Leg musclesGluteus minimus, and gluteus medius. Thighs are spread.Adductor magnus, adductor longus, and adductor brevis. Thighs are moved together.
Foot musclesAbductor hallucis, and dorsal interossei. Toes are spread apart.Adductor hallucis ,and plantar interossei. Toes are moved together.

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