Longitude of New York = 75°W
Longitude of Madras = 80°E
Difference in degrees = 75° + 80° = 155°
Difference in time per degree = 5 minutes
The time in New York is UTC-4 from March to November and UTC-5 from November to March. The time in India is UTC+5:30.
Therefore, when it’s 3 PM Indian Standard Time, the time in New York is either 4:30 AM EST or 5:30 AM EDT, depending on the date.