Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. The first of the political causes of war is war itself. Many wars have been fought, among other reasons, for the sake of seizing some strategically valuable piece of territory, or in order to secure a 'natural' frontier, that is to say, a frontier which is easy to defend and from which it is easy to launch attacks upon one's neighbours. Purely military advantages are almost as highly praised by the rulers of nations as economic advantages. The possession of an army, navy and air force is itself a reason for going to a war. We must use our forces now, so runs the militarists argument, in order that we may be in 'a position to use them to better effect next time'.
Why have wars been fought?
(1) To use weapons and make room for fresh purchase.
(2) Because people want to show their neighbours that they are strong
(3) To capture some areas of another country which are of strategic importance.
(4) To teach neighbouring countries a good lesson.