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Who were Marianne and Germania? What was the importance of the way in which they were portrayed?

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Marianne and Germania were respective female allegories for the French and the German nation. They stood as personifications of ideals like 'liberty' and 'the republic'. The importance of the way in which they were portrayed lay in the fact that the public could identify with their symbolic meaning, and this would instill a sense of national unity in them.

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Marianne and Germania were the female allegories of France and Germany.

They stood as personifications of the ‘Republic’ and ‘Liberty’.

They were portrayed that they gave the abstract idea of a nation in a concrete form.

They would establish a sense of nationality in the citizens of these countries.  

Marianne : She underlined the idea of people's nation. Her Characteristics were drawn from those of Liberty and the Republic- the red cap, the tricolour and the cockade. She was erected in public squares to remind the public of the national symbol of unity and to persuade them to identify with it.

Germania : Germania wears a crown of oak leaves, as the German oak stands for heroism. 

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