Marianne and Germania were the female allegories of France and Germany.
They stood as personifications of the ‘Republic’ and ‘Liberty’.
They were portrayed that they gave the abstract idea of a nation in a concrete form.
They would establish a sense of nationality in the citizens of these countries.
Marianne : She underlined the idea of people's nation. Her Characteristics were drawn from those of Liberty and the Republic- the red cap, the tricolour and the cockade. She was erected in public squares to remind the public of the national symbol of unity and to persuade them to identify with it.
Germania : Germania wears a crown of oak leaves, as the German oak stands for heroism.