Consider a current carrying wire (current I) in shape of circle. Note that as the current progress
along the wire , the direction j(current density) changes in exact manner, while current I remain
unaffected. The agent that is essentially responsible is :-
- Source of EMF
- Electric field produced by charge accumulated on the surface of wire
- The charges just behind a given behind segment of wire which push them just right way by repulsion.
- The charges ahead