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What is a multiparty system? Why has India adopted a multiparty system? Explain

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A multiparty system is a political system in which several parties contest the election to hold political power. In this system, there is a chance of two or more parties coming to power. This system also advocates coalition government and alliance politics. 

India adopted a multiparty system because of the following reasons.

  • India is blessed with tremendous social and geographical diversity. This diversity cannot be easily accommodated in one or two political parties.
  • Because of multiparty system, variety of interests and opinions enjoy political representation.

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