Sarthaks Test
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Differentiate between the following:-
(i) red algae and brown algae
(ii) liverworts and moss
(iii) homosporous and heterosporous pteridophyte
(iv) syngamy and triple fusion

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(i) Red algae and brown algae

Red algaeBrown algae
1. Red algae are grouped under the class Rhodophyceae.1. Brown algae are grouped under the class Phaeophyceae.
2. They contain floridean starch as stored food.2. They contain mannitol or laminarin as stored food.
3. They contain the photosynthetic pigments chlorophylls a and d, and phycoerythrin.3. They contain the photosynthetic pigments chlorophylls a and c, and fucoxanthin.
4. Their cell walls are composed of cellulose, pectin, and phycocolloids.4. Their cell walls are composed of cellulose and algin.
5. Flagella are absent5. Two flagella are present

(ii) Liverworts and moss

Liverworts

Moss

1.

They have unicellular rhizoids.

1.

They have multicellular rhizoids.

2.

Scales are present very often

2.

Scales are absent

3.

They are generally thalloid, with dichotomous branching.

3.

They are foliage, with lateral branching.

4.

Gemma cups are present

4.

Gemma cups are absent

5.

Sporophyte has very

photosynthetic tissue little

5.

Sporophyte has abundant

photosynthetic tissue

(iii) Homosporous and heterosporous pteridophyte

Homosporous pteridophytes

Heterosporous pteridophytes

1.

They bear spores that are of the same type.

1.

They bear two kinds of spores – microspores and megaspores.

2.

They produce bisexual gametophytes.

2.

They produce unisexual gametophytes.

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