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Read the following passage and answer the questions set on it:

One great Chinese traveller, Hiuen Tsang, had come to India. He studied Buddhism for some time in Nalanda University. While returning to his country, he carried with him some manuscripts, granthas relating to Buddhism. He was sailing on the Bay of Bengal to China. Two Buddhist scholars Gnangupta and Tyagaraja accompanied him on board the ship. They had planned to travel with him till the ship crossed the Bay of Bengal and return to their homeland. Suddenly dark clouds appeared in the sky.

Terrific tempests and cyclonic winds began to blow. People on board the ship feared that the ship would sink. The Captain ordered that if anyone had any heavy article, it should be thrown into the sea. Hiuen Tsang had heavy manuscripts and granthas.

He got ready to throw them into the sea. Gnangupta and Tyagaraja said to him that these works are ‘treasure house of knowledge’. They did not want it to be thrown into the sea. Instead they volunteered to jump into the sea.

They confirmed to tell that man’s life is transitory and perishable. Knowledge is permanent and imperishable. They requested Hiuen Tsang not to throw away these extraordinary granthas. They told that many people would obtain light which would lead them on the path of ‘Nirvana’ i.e., Salvation. This would result in ‘supreme bliss’. After having said this, the two Indian scholars jumped into the tempestuous sea. Hiuen Tsang continued his journey and mentioned about these two great people in his books.

1. Who war Hiuen Tsang?

2. What did Hiuen Tsang study in Nalanda University?

3. What did Hiuen Tsang take when he returned to his country?

4. How far did Gnangupta and Tyagaraja plan to travel with Hiuen Tsang?

5. What was the fear of the members aboard the ship?

6. What did the Captain tell the crew to do?

7. Gnangupta and Tyagaraja said that these are ‘a treasure house’. Here ‘treasure house’ refers to

(a) sea 

(b) ship 

(c) manuscripts and granthas.

8. Why did the two scholars jump into the sea?

9. Add the prefix to write the antonym of ‘perishable'(in, im, ir)

10. One reads books to become (knowledge / knowledgeable)

1 Answer

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1. A Chinese traveller.

2. Buddhism.

3. Manuscripts and granthas relating to Buddhism.

4. Till the ship crossed the Bay of Bengal.

5. The members aboard the ship feared that the ship would sink.

6. The captain ordered the crew to throw all heavy articles into the sea.

7. (c) Manuscripts and granthas.

8. They wanted to save the precious manuscripts and granthas. Hence, instead of throwing those, they decided to jump into the sea and make the ship lighter.

9. Imperishable.

10. Knowledgeable.

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