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Mesosome is a convoluted membranous structure formed in a prokaryotic cell by the invagination of the plasma membrane. Its functions are as follows:
 These extensions help in the synthesis of the cell wall, replication of DNA. They also help in the equal distribution of chromosomes into the daughter cells.
 It also increases the surface area of the plasma membrane to carry out various enzymatic activities.
 It helps in secretion processes as well as in bacterial respiration.

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