1. Lawmaking: The legislature enacts new laws, amends old laws and repeals unwanted laws.
2. Deliberative: The Legislature conducts extensive discussions on matters of public importance, bills and the budget.
3. Formulates policies: The legislature formulates domestic and foreign policy.
4. Controlling the executive: The legislature controls both the political and administrative executive, through questions, resolutions, and motions. A no-confidence motion is to express a lack of faith in and to oust the government.
5. Financial control: To enact money bills and budgets.
6. Judicial: The judiciary can impeach the heads of state and the judges of the higher courts.
7. Constitutional: the legislature amends the constitution.
8. Electoral: It is part of the Electoral College that elects the head of the state.
9. Ventilation of grievances: The legislature is a forum of complaints and formation of public opinion.