Transpirational pull is responsible for the ascent of water in the xylem. This ascent of water is dependent on the following physical factors:
- Cohesion – Mutual attraction between water molecules
- Surface tension – Responsible for the greater attraction between water molecules in liquid phase than in gaseous phase
- Adhesion – Attraction of water molecules to polar surfaces
- Capillarity –Ability of water to rise in thin tubes
These physical properties of water allow it to move against gravity in the xylem.