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The Mediterranean orched Ophrys employs a method called sexual deceit to get the flowers pollinated. Explain the phenomenon.

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In the flower of Ophrys, one petal resembles the female of a bee species in size, colour markings etc.

  • The male bee perceives it as a female and pseudo copulates with it.
  • During the process the pollengrains from the anthers become dusted on the body of bees. When this bee is attracted to another flower of this orchid species, the process is repeated and the pollengrains falls on the stigma hence pollination is achieved.

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