Fewpal
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Find (a) the total number and (b) the total mass of protons in 34 mg of NH3 at STP.
Will the answer change if the temperature and pressure are changed?

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(a) 1 mole of NH3 = {1(14) + 3(1)} g of NH3
= 17 g of NH3
= 6.022× 1023 molecules of NH3
Total number of protons present in 1 molecule of NH3
= {1(7) + 3(1)}
= 10
Number of protons in 6.023 × 1023 molecules of NH3
= (6.023 × 1023) (10)
= 6.023 × 1024
⇒ 17 g of NH3 contains (6.023 × 1024) protons. Number of protons in 34 mg of NH3

6.022*1024*34 mg/17000 mg

= 1.2046 × 1022
(b) Mass of one proton = 1.67493 × 10–27 kg
Total mass of protons in 34 mg of NH3
= (1.67493 × 10–27 kg) (1.2046 × 1022)
= 2.0176 × 10–5 kg

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