The performance enhancing substances are as follows: The use of drugs to enhance performance is considered unfair and puts the health of athlete at high risk like
(a) Mechanical aids :- It includes altitude training, aqua training, elastic cord, treadmills, vibration training, weight training etc.
(b) Pharmacological aids :- It includes Anabolic steriod, beta blockers, caffeine, choline, sodium bicarbonate. These are all banned by IOC in sports.
(c) Physiological aids :- It includes Herbal medicines, sports massage, sauna, Human Growth hormones.
(d) Nutritional aids :- They are like Bicarbonate of soda, carbohydrate loading, creatine, sports drinks.
(e) Psychological aids :- These includes mediation, motivation, centering, cheering, Relaxation. Most of these are valid and applicable in sports.