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Analyse the physiographic and economic factors that have influenced the distribution pattern of the railway network in our country.

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Rail transport is the most convenient mode of transportation. Though the railway network is not evenly distributed across the country. The distribution pattern of the railway network in the country has been largely influenced by physiographic, economic and administrative factors.

Physiographic Factors:

(i) The northern plains with their vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provide the most favourable condition for their growth of railway networks.

(ii) The uneven terrain like hills, mountains, rivers with wide beds have posed severe obstacle in the infrastructural development of railways like laying tracks, construction of bridges and so on.

(iii) In the hilly terrain of the peninsular region, railway tracks are laid through low hills, gaps or tunnels.

(iv) The Himalayan mountainous regions too are unfavourable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, sparse population and lack of economic opportunities.

(v) It is equally difficult on the sandy plain of western Rajasthan, swamps of Gujarat, forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand.

Economic Factors:

(i) There are several economic factors that affect the distribution of railways e.g. state funding plays a vital role in the development of railways across the nations.

(ii) The state with flexible laws supports the growth of railways. Along with this the places that are highly industrialised attract the development of railways. Since the growth of both is complimentary to each other e.g. recently railways network is enhancing along the industrial corridors.

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