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Mention any two human activities which are responsible for the process of soil erosion. Explain the two types of soil erosion mostly observed in India?

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Human activities include overgrazing, overcropping and deforestation. Overgrazing occurs when farmers stock too many animals such as sheep, cattle or goats on their land.

Two types of soil erosion observed in India
Gully erosion and sheet erosion are two types of erosion seen in India.

(i) Gullies cut the clayey soils into deep creeps and the land becomes unfit for cultivation and popularly known as bad lands.

(ii) Sheet erosion washes away top soils over a large areas and productivity is mostly decreased.

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