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Why did the makers of our Constitution declare India to be a 'Union of States'? Why were some sub-political units of India given a special status?

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India became a Union of States because it consisted of both British-ruled territories as well as many princely states- Some sub-political units of India have a special status.

(i) French and Portuguese-ruled territories were given the status of Union territory.

(ii) Jammu & Kashmir joined India on a special condition.

(iii) Some units were too small to become independent states. They were made Union Territories.

(iv) States in the north-east have been given a special status as they have a large tribal population with a distinct history and culture.

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