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Write an essay on the importance of genetic engineering.

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Scientist working in the field of biotechnology have succeeded in achieving results which have proved advantageous in the field of medical science, agriculture and industries. By using these techniques it has become possible to improve the variety of agricultural crops and domestic animals and also the quality of industrial products. Presently biotechnology is considered as the most important branch of biology. 

Some important achievements are as follows: 

  • Cloning of Nitrogen fixation (Nif) gene in cereal crops. 
  • Cloning of Haemophilic gene.
  • Cloning of Hepatitis B virus gene. 
  • Cloning of Human growth hormone and insulin gene.
  • Cloning of penicillin G acylase gene for production of penicillin
  • Work on the Human genome project.

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