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Importance and status of iron ore in india

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India is the fourth largest iron ore producing country in the world. More than 95% of deposits are concentrated in Orissa, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Goa and Jharkhand.

Iron is the most useful metal for us. It is required to make steel, without which the present day civilization would not servive. It is used in Industry, Construction, all mode of transportation, Utensils and house-hold articles, electronic gadgets, the list is practically endless. And even our food must be rich in iron, because the iron compound haemoglobin is an essential ingradient of human blood. It is used to carry oxygen to our body cells to keep them alive.

Types of Iron Ore are Haematite, Magnetite, Limonite & Siderite.

Hematite and magnetite are the two most important iron ores in India

Iron Ore Distribution in India

Haematite

Magnetite

Reserves

~18,000 million tonnes

Which type of iron ore is abundant in India?

1.   Haematite

2.   Magnetite

~10,500 million tonnes

Major states

Odisha 33%

Jharkhand 26%

Chhattisgarh 18%

Rest in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, MP, Rajasthan, UP

Karnataka 73%

Andhra Pradesh 14%

Rajasthan 5%

TN 4.9%

Rest in Assam, Bihar, Goa, Jharkhand, Kerala, MH, Meghalaya and Nagaland

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