The form of ‘Social Contract Theory’ propagated by Rousseau:
Rousseau, in his social contract theory, regards two forms of an individual – personal and social. According to Rousseau, when struggle and war started in the natural state, the people started to ponder as to how to save themselves from these terrific circumstances. As a result, the people voluntarily ended the natural state and decided to establish a civic society. Under the contract, the people voluntarily surrendered their rights to the society.
As result of the contract, there developed a General Will in the society and all the people started working in accordance with the General Will. As every person is a member of the society, and hence, by virtue of the contract, he becomes a part of the formed society and hence stands eligible to get back all his rights from his social worth.
As a result of the contract, insecurity, violence anarchy, etc. ends, and the origin of the state takes place. Rousseau promotes the concept of apparent democratic state, wherein entire slew of powers get cent-red in the name of General Will in the society. If the government works against the General will of society, then the people have the right to dismiss it.