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Criticize Social Contract Theory on philosophical basis.

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Criticism of Social Contract Theory on philosophical basis: 

The criticism of the Social Contract Theory can be done on philosophical basis in the following way: 

1. Membership of the state not optional: 

According to this theory, the state has been defined as such an organization whose membership is optional; but in fact, the membership of the state is not optional, instead it is mandatory. In this context, this principle is defective. 

2. State not an artificial institution: 

According to this theory, the state is the creation of people, whereas the state is a natural institution based on human behaviour. The state is the result of natural social tendencies of the people. 

3. Encouragement to rebellion and anarchy: 

This principle, while describing the state as a result of personal contracts, incites people for rebellion and anarchy. 

4. Implementation of natural rights not possible: 

For the implementation of rights, existence of power is a must. It is not possible to implement natural rights without use of coercive force.

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