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Explain viral diseases of human beings with their factors, symptoms, preventive measures and treatment.

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Disease

  1. Polio
  2. Rabies (Hydrophobia)
  3. Chicken pox
  4. Measles
  5. Cold

Disease causing microbes

  1. Virus – Polio virus Transmitted by air/ water
  2. Virus Transmitted – infected dog, monkey, Fox, jackal, whose saliva contains rabies virus.
  3. Virus Varicella zoster Transmitted – by air/ direct contact.
  4. Virus Transmitted – by air
  5. Virus Rhinovirus Transmitted – by air.

Symptoms

  1. Effect on spinal cord, brain, legs, fever, contraction of muscles development of affected limbs are slow, headache, vomiting, pain in the neck, affected limbs doesn’t work due to damage of nervous system,. Children of 6 months to 3 years may be affected by polio.
  2. High fever, headache, restlessness, blockage of throat, hydrophobia.
  3. Light/medium fever, backache, apprehension, skin lesions on the whole body, first on neck, then on face and on the legs in the last, healing of lesions after 4-7 days.
  4. Red rashes on the body, itching, burning sensations.
  5. Infection in the mucous membrane of respiratory tubule, nose and throat, watery discharge from the eyes and nose.

Preventive measures

  1. By giving Polio drops.
  2. Control of stray dogs and cats, vaccination of pet and stray animals.
  3. Separating the patient from others, keeping his things isolated.
  4. Cover mouth while sneezing or coughing, use of clean handkerchief.

Treatment

  1. Operation as directed by the doctors, use of Jaipur foot, physiotherapy.
  2. Keep distance from infected animals. Washing the injured area with soap and water, use of anti-rabies injection is under the guidance of doctor.
  3. Applying special oilment/coconut oil on the lesions, using appropriate medicines.
  4. Applying antiseptic cream, using medicines under the guidance of the doctor.
  5. Doctors advice, increase in intake of Vitamin C, taking steam.

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